The latest news from research conducted at the Institute of Cognitive Science can be found here:
10. September 2018 : To improve generalization, data augmentation outperformes explicit regularization
Hernández-García A and König P (2018).
Data augmentation instead of explicit regularization. arXiv:1806.03852v2 [cs.CV] [preprint posting].
Modern artificial neural networks have achieved impressive results with models of very large capacity. However, in order to improve generalization, explicit regularization techniques such as weight decay and dropout are used, leading to a reduction of the effective capacity.
Here, Hernández-García and König systematically analyze the role of...
05. September 2018 : Five arguments to test embodied cognition in the wild
An overview of 5 studies on (inter)actions in the real world - by P. König & lab cogsci.uni-osnabrueck.de/~NBP/
P. König, A. Melnik, C. Goeke, A. L. Gert, S. U. König and T. C. Kietzmann, "Embodied cognition," 2018 6th International Conference on Brain-Computer Interface (BCI), GangWon, 2018, pp. 1-4.
In this presentation-paper, Peter König et al. discuss embodied cognition in the human...
25. June 2018 : A closer look at group benefits in joint perceptual tasks: distributed control vs redundant control - a big difference for the group performance
Wahn B, Karlinsky A, Schmitz L and König P (2018). Let's move it together: A review of group benefits in joint object control. A mini review. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00918. Front Psychol 9:918
When two or more individuals coordinate their actions to jointly control an object (e.g., carrying a table), they may reach a higher performance compared to performing the same task alone — a group...
19. June 2018 : Visual exploration habits of left-to-right readers are more difficult to predict. Why?
Afsari Z, Keshava A, Ossandón JP and König P(2018). Interindividual differences among native right-to-left readers and native left-to-right readers during free viewing task. DOI:10.1080/13506285.2018.1473542.Vis Cogn
In a free viewing task, humans differ in the spatial selection of fixation points. Native left-to-right readers tend to have a spatial preference for the left visual field. In comparison, right-to-left readers demonstrate a stronger variation in their visual exploration...
31. May 2018 : Are two heads better than one? – A review on group benefits in joint perceptual tasks, the influencing factors, and how to measure it
Wahn B, Kingstone A and König P. Group benefits in joint perceptual tasks: A review. DOI:10.1111/nyas.13843. ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. Special Issue: The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience
Humans often collaborate in perceptual tasks to achieve a higher performance than performing the same task alone (i.e., attain a group benefit). In this review, Wahn et al. identify factors that influence collaborative...
29. May 2018 : Now out @eLife: Grid cells in entorhinal cortex fire without any change in space or in gaze position
Wilming N, König P, König S and Buffalo EA (2018). Entorhinal cortex receptive fields are modulated by spatial attention, even without movement. eLife 2018;7:e31745
Grid cells in the entorhinal cortex have been identified to encode an animal’s position in space, but have been hypothesized to play a more fundamental role in mental operations. A prerequisite for this is that they can be activated in the absence of movement. Here, we...
08. May 2018 : Minimizing harm at all cost—innocents, self-sacrifice and moral intuitions. This study reinforces the necessity of social debates on implementing moral values in autonomous vehicles.
Bergmann LT, Schlicht L, Meixner C, König P, Pipa G, Boshammer S and Stephan A (2018). Autonomous vehicles require socio-political acceptance — An empirical and philosophical perspective on the problem of moral decision making. Front Behav Neurosci 12:31.
This study examines the issue of implementing moral decisions in autonomous driving vehicles from an empirical and philosophical perspective.
In an empirical study, we investigated what...
07. May 2018 : A wonderful paper that explains well why we need obligatory ethics setting implemented in autonomous driving vehicles.
Faulhaber AK, Dittmer A, Blind F, Wächter MA, Timm S, Sütfeld LR, Stephan A, Pipa G and König P (2018). Human decisions in moral dilemmas are largely described by utilitarianism: Virtual car driving study provides guidelines for autonomous driving vehicles. Sci Eng Ethics
Due to the necessity of implementing moral decisions in autonomous driving vehicles (ADVs), we conducted a set of driving experiments in virtual reality. The participants...
07. May 2018 : A new paradigm to control both fixation duration and location: The temporal dynamics of eye movements as an exploitation-exploration dilemma.
Ehinger BV, Kaufhold L and König P (2018). Probing the temporal dynamics of the exploration–exploitation dilemma of eye movements. J Vis 18:6,1-24
When scanning a visual scene, we are in a constant decision process regarding whether to further exploit the information content at the current fixation or to go on and explore the scene. In this study, Ehinger et al. investigated how the experimental control of fixation...